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The nutritional and health attributes of kiwifruit: a review (4)

The nutritional and health attributes of kiwifruit: a review (4)



 

         
  No.  Divisions/Titles for Abstract Details

 
  1 Citation

 

Table 1

Nutritional composition of kiwifruit

(Source: USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28, green and gold raw kiwifruit per 100g [11])

Nutrient

Units/100 g

Green Kiwifruit

Gold Kiwifruit

Proximates

 Water

g

83.1

82.4

 Energy

kcal

61

63

 Energy

kJ

255

262

 Protein

g

1.14

1.02

 Total lipid (fat)

g

0.52

0.28

 Ash

g

0.61

0.47

 Carbohydrate, by difference

g

14.7

15.8

 Fiber, total dietary

g

3

1.4

 Sugars, total

g

9.0

12.3

Minerals

 Calcium, Ca

mg

34

17.0

 Iron, Fe

mg

0.31

0.21

 Magnesium, Mg

mg

17

12.0

 Phosphorus, P

mg

34

25

 Potassium, K

mg

312

315

 Sodium, Na

mg

3

3

 Zinc, Zn

mg

0.14

0.08

 Copper, Cu

mg

0.13

0.103

 Manganese, Mn

mg

0.098

0.05

 Selenium, Se

µg

0.2

0.44

Vitamins

 Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid

mg

92.7

161.3

 Vitamin B1-Thiamin

mg

0.027

< 0.01

 Vitamin B2-Riboflavin

mg

0.025

0.074

 Vitamin B3-Niacin

mg

0.341

0.231

 Vitamin B5-Pantothenic acid

mg

0.183

0.12

 Vitamin B6-Pyridoxine

mg

0.063

0.079

 Vitamin B9-Folate

µg, DFE

25

31.0

 Choline

mg

7.8

1.9

 Vitamin B-12

µg

0

0.08

 Vitamin A, RAE

µg _RAE

4

1

 Vitamin A

IU

87

23

 Vitamin E (α-tocopherol)

mg

1.46

1.51

 Vitamin K

µg

40.3

6.1

Others

 Carotene, beta

µg

52

14

 Lutein + zeaxanthin

µg

122

24

 Scientific Name:

 

Actinidia deliciosa

Actinidia chinensis

 Cultivar

 

Hayward

SunGold

 USDA NDB No

 

09148

09520

 

 

 

 
  2 Abstract Title

The nutritional and health attributes of kiwifruit: a review

 
  3 Abstract Source
 
2018; 57(8): 2659–2676.
 
  4 Abstract Author(s)  
  5 Article Affiliation PMC PubMed Central
 
  6 Abstract

To describe the nutritional and health attributes of kiwifruit and the benefits relating to improved nutritional status, digestive, immune and metabolic health. The review includes a brief history of green and gold varieties of kiwifruit from an ornamental curiosity from China in the 19th century to a crop of international economic importance in the 21st century; comparative data on their nutritional composition, particularly the high and distinctive amount of vitamin C; and an update on the latest available scientific evidence from well-designed and executed human studies on the multiple beneficial physiological effects.

Of particular interest are the digestive benefits for healthy individuals as well as for those with constipation and other gastrointestinal disorders, including symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. The mechanisms of action behind the gastrointestinal effects, such as changes in faecal (stool) consistency, decrease in transit time and reduction of abdominal discomfort, relate to the water retention capacity of kiwifruit fibre, favourable changes in the human colonic microbial community and primary metabolites, as well as the naturally present proteolytic enzyme actinidin, which aids protein digestion both in the stomach and the small intestine. The effects of kiwifruit on metabolic markers of cardiovascular disease and diabetes are also investigated, including studies on glucose and insulin balance, bodyweight maintenance and energy homeostasis.

 
 
  7 Summary

The increased research data and growing consumer awareness of the health benefits of kiwifruit provide logical motivation for their regular consumption as part of a balanced diet. Kiwifruit should be considered as part of a natural and effective dietary strategy to tackle some of the major health and wellness concerns around the world.

 
  8 Article Published Date 2018
 
  9
Link

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267416/

 
       

 


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